Tuesday, November 22, 2016

Exclude the external address of VPN peer gateway from encryption domain

Exclude the external address of VPN peer gateway from encryption domain

When you define a peer gateway for a VPN community, you also have to define the topology of the gateway that is used for VPN connections. This is the encryption domain.

Defining an encryption domain for external VPN peer

What you don’t see is that the encryption domain does not only include the IP addresses of networks associated with the gateway, but also the gateway IP address itself.

This behaviour is not shared by others vendors like Cisco for example, they only use the explictly defined encryption domains.

Common scenario:

You have a VPN with a partner and exchange encrypted traffic. In addition, the partner offers you webpages available over the Internet and reachable over the official IP address of his VPN gateway.

When you try for example to access this webpage from within your network, the traffic will be send encrypted to the remote gateway, let’s say a Cisco ASA Firewall.

The Cisco ASA does not see it’s outside IP address as within the own encryption domain and refuses to create a SA. So your connection attempt will fail.

The solution to this is to exclude the external IP address of the remote VPN peer gateway from VPN.

For this purpose edit the file $FWDIR/lib/crypt.def on the Security Management and change the line
#define NON_VPN_TRAFFIC_RULES (dst= IP_Address_Of_VPN_Peer)

Please be aware that this is the way for version R70 and above.

If you have a R75 Security Management that is managing R70 or R71 gateways, you have to edit the file in the compatibility package directory instead.

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